jeudi 26 avril 2012

Pétro-dollars

The impact of higher oil prices on the world economy depends on whether oil exporters spend or save their petrodollars. If they recycle them by buying more from oil-importing countries, this cushions global demand. But if they save them, income is permanently transferred from oil consumers to oil producers, depressing global demand. After the oil-price shocks in the 1970s, about 70% of the increase in export revenues was spent on imports of goods and services. But IMF figures suggest that less than 50% of the windfall is likely to be spent in the three years to 2012.

 ici, et ici