jeudi 26 avril 2012


The impact of higher oil prices on the world economy depends on whether oil exporters spend or save their petrodollars. If they recycle them by buying more from oil-importing countries, this cushions global demand. But if they save them, income is permanently transferred from oil consumers to oil producers, depressing global demand. After the oil-price shocks in the 1970s, about 70% of the increase in export revenues was spent on imports of goods and services. But IMF figures suggest that less than 50% of the windfall is likely to be spent in the three years to 2012.

 ici, et ici